The Legality Of Miras (Khamr) in Al-Quran Persfective (Comparative Study of The Tafsir Al-Maraghy, Al-Misbah, and Al-Qurthubi)

Muhammad Roni* -  Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa, Indonesia
Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution -  Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa, Indonesia
The discourse on the legality of alcohol in Indonesia has become a hot topic of controversy among various community. The supporters claim that the legality of alcohol is part of local wisdom so it deserves to be legalized. Meanwhile, the majority of Indonesian muslims have rejected this policy with various approaches. This turmoil is interesting to study in order to ground the Qur’an which has long forbidden khamar to be traded. This study used a phenomenological method which is based on the interpretation of the Qur'an, especially the thematic comparisons by the Tafsir Al-Maraghy, Al-Misbah, and Al-Qurthubi. There were three concluding phases of this study; First, the process of forbidding khamar in the Qur'an has certain phases and levels before it is totally prohibited. Second, the most dominant advantage of khamar is only in terms of trading, while the rest has more disadvantages. Third, khamr still applies to emergencies such as medical needs, alchemy, medicine and perfumes. In essence, the legality of alcohol which is to be consumed (drunkenness) is forbidden in Islam.

Keywords : Legality, Miras, Interpretation

  1. Al-Jarawi, S.A.A (2006). Indahnya Syariat Islam, Jakarta
  2. Al-Maraghy, A.M. (nd) Tafsir Al-Maraghy, juz II, Semarang
  3. Al-Sabuni. Muh A, (2015). Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Hukum, Selangor
  4. Amiek, Hamami, (2005). Pengetahuan Minuman dan Bar, Yogyakarta
  5. Anwar, Rosihon, (2012). Ulum Al-Quran. Bandung
  6. Arief Hakim, M., (2004). Bahaya Narkoba-Alkohol :cara Islam mengatasi, mencegah dan melawan, Edisi 1, Bandung.
  7. Arifin, M, dan Haq, A. F (1997). Ushul Fiqih: Kaidah-Kaidah Penerapan Hukum Islam, Surabaya
  8. Ashar, A. (2015). Konsep Khamar dan Narkotika dalam al-Qur’an dan UU. Fenomena, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.21093/fj.v7i2.313
  9. Asy-Syarbashi, Ahmad, (1997). Yas'alunaka Tanya Jawab tentang Agama dan Kehidupan, terj. Ahmad Subandi, Jakarta
  10. Aula. M, dkk, (2019).“Sejarah Peusijuek dalam Integritas Islam”Semni Unaya, Vol. 2, No. 1 Desember
  11. Azra, A. (Penyunting), (1983). Islam dan Masalah-Masalah Kemasyarakatan, Jakarta
  12. Elfida, D. (2005) . Hubungan Antara Kemampuan Mengontrol Diri Dan Kecenderungan Berperilaku Delinkuen Pada Remaja. Jurnal Psikologi. Vol 1, Nomor 2
  13. Fathurrosyid, F. (2018). MEMAHAMI BAHASA ALQURAN BERBASIS GRAMATIKAL (Kajian tehadap Kontribusi Pragmatik dalam Kajian Tafsir). JURNAL At-Tibyan: Jurnal Ilmu Alquran dan Tafsir, 3(1), 114. https://doi.org/10.32505/tibyan.v3i1.487
  14. H. Rachmat Syafe‟i. (2015) . Ilmu Ushul Fiqih. Bandung
  15. Hakim, (2004). Bahaya Narkoba Alkohol: Cara Islam Mencegah, Mengatasi dan Melawan. Bandung
  16. Hakim, A. M. (2004). Bahaya Narkoba-Alkohol :cara Islam mengatasi, mencegah dan melawan, Edisi 1, Nuansa, Bandung.
  17. Huda, N., Ghafur, J., & Ridho, A. (2015). Urgensi Pengaturan Peredaran Minuman Beralkohol Di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum, 22(1), 76–96. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol22.iss1.art4
  18. Jauhar, Husain, A. Al-Mursi, (2009). Maqasi syariah, Jakarta
  19. Lukmanudin, M. I. (2015). Legitimasi Hadis Pelarangan Penggunaan Alkohol dalam Pengobatan. Journal of Quran and Hadith Studies, 4(Vol 4, No 1 (2015)), 79–101.
  20. Muḥammad Abu Zuhrah (1998). Uṣul Fiqh, Kairo
  21. Mahmud, H. (2020). Hukum Khamr dalam Perspektif Islam. MADDIKA Journal of Islamic Family Law, Vol. 1(No. 1), 29–47.
  22. Maiti, & Bidinger. (1981). Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.
  23. Rahardjo, W. (2008). Konsumsi Alkohol, Obat-obatan Terlarang dan Perilaku Seks Berisiko: Suatu Studi Meta-Analisis. Jurnal Psikologi, 35(1), 80-100. https://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/jpsi/article/view/7100
  24. Salma, S., & Revianda, R. (2020). Perspektif Hukum Islam ( Hadd Al-Syurb ) tentang Aia Niro dan Tuak ( Khamr ) di Nagari Batu Payuang Halaban. 8(1), 260–277.
  25. Shehab, Magdy, Ensiklopedia, Mukjizat Al-Quran Dan Hadis (Bahaya Khamar Terhadap Jantung), PT. Sapta Sentosa.
  26. Shehab, Magdy, Ensiklopedia, Mukjizat Al-Quran Dan Hadis (Bahaya Khamar Terhadap Jantung), PT. Sapta Sentosa.
  27. Shihab, M. Q. (2002). Tafsir Al-Mishbah, Jakarta
  28. Taufikin. (2015). Hukum Islam Tentang Minuman Keras Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Perilaku Minuman Keras di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Dempet Kabupaten Demak. Yudisia, 6(2), 482–499.
  29. Wijaya, A. (2016). Bahaya Khamar dalam Perspektif AL-Quran dan Kesehatan. Sekripsi.
  30. Winurini, S. (2018). Remaja dan Perilaku Berisiko terhadap Minuman Keras (MIRAS) Oplosan. Info Singkat Bidang Kesejahteraan Sosial, 10(8), 13–18.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Roni, Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

FITRAH: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman
Published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
UIN Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan, Indonesia
Jl. T. Rizal Nurdin Km. 4,5 Sihitang, Kota Padang Sidempuan
Phone: 0634-22080
Website: http://jurnal.uinsyahada.ac.id/index.php/F/
Email: fitrah@iain-padangsidimpuan.ac.id